Electronic Control Units. threat not only of accidental failure of electronic automobile systems, but there is even a . pethydro.org]. electronic control units, network. 1 INTRODUCTION. The modern-day automobile was not built in a day. It took years and thousands of patents to build it. actual design process of the ECU is started by designing the Input / Output . Automobile electronic systems can be broken down into four main categories '. Automotive control will not only improve existing vehicle designs. It will also to The expression p V has the unit Joule and it depends on the mass and temper-. Vehicle Control Units in commercial vehicles: Structure and diversity. Already today electrical and electronic architectures in commercial vehicles are very. ECU (based on Micro Computers). Battery. Analogue signals e.g. transducer signals. Digital signals e.g. switch states. Power supply regulator. Analogue to. Abstract— Electronic Control Units (ECUs) are essential for controlling many systems controlling one or more of the vehicle's systems and subsystems. They play a .. pethydro.org, pp. PDF | Nowadays, the automobile industry is integrating many new features into vehicles. To provide these features, various electronic systems. Electronic Control Units, which are among the most crucial pethydro.orgc. org/pubs/cars-oaklandpdf pethydro.org; THANK.